Air pollution linked to fertility rates


New research suggests that air pollution levels may affect the activity of a woman’s ovaries, with high pollution correlating to a drop in the number of eggs ovaries can produce.

The research, from the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, found that chronic exposure to air pollution may significantly shorten the period of life a woman can reproduce, as well as inducing earlier menopause.

The findings, presented at the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology, studied the impact of air pollution on the production of the hormone AMH, whose levels are used to judge a woman’s ovarian reserve.

The study examined the levels of AMH in about 1300 women between 2007 and 2017, based on geographical location and age, the researchers found that the cumulative effect of air pollution on ovarian reserves is statistically significant.