Humanity will have to significantly reduce its meat and sugar intake, while almost doubling our consumption of fruits, nuts, vegetables and legumes in the face of climate change and increasing global pressures on the global supply chain, a new Lancet report has found.
The Food in the Anthropocene report, published by the EAT-Lancet Commission, brought together 37 of the world’s leading experts in nutrition, agriculture and environmental sustainability to publish the report, which tracked the links between food, health and environment.
The report was blunt in its findings, saying that ‘civilisation is in crisis’ and ‘severely out of synchronisation with the planet and nature’ and that our current dietary trends is posing a severe threat to the future of human and other species’ continued existence.
In its conclusions, the report paints a grim picture of the severity of humanity’s food related health crises, with nearly one billion people lacking sufficient food, while over two billion suffering from obesity and other food-related diseases such as diabetes and heart disease.
The authors urged a move to a “planetary health diet, which would involve a ‘flexitarian’ approach to eating, moving towards a diet largely comprised of vegetables and fruits, while significantly reducing the intake of meat.
The planetary health diet consists of:
vegetables and fruit (550g per day per day)
wholegrains (230 grams per day)
dairy products such as milk and cheese (250g per day)
protein sourced from plants, such as lentils, peas, nuts and soy foods (100 grams per day)
small quantities of fish (28 grams per day), chicken (25 grams per day) and red meat (14 grams per day)
eggs (1.5 per week)
small quantities of fats (50g per day) and sugar (30g per day).